29th State of India History in English:
Download & Read Telangana State History in English, Telangana is a state in southern India. It has an area of 114,840 km2 and is the twelfth largest state in India. Most of it was part of the princely state of Hyderabad (Medak and Warangal Divisions), ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad during the British Raj, joining the Union of India in 1948. (Recommended Article: 31 New Districts of Telangana)
In 1956, the Hyderabad state was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states, and the Telugu speaking part of Hyderabad state, known as Telangana, was merged with former Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh.
On 2 June 2014, Telangana was separated from Andhra Pradesh as a new 29th state of India, with the city of Hyderabad as its capital. Hyderabad will continue to serve as the joint capital city for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for a period of not more than ten years.
Telangana is bordered by the states of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh to the north, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south, east and northeast. Telangana has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census). Its major cities include Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, Karimnagar,and Khammam.
A brief history of Telangana State:
Ten districts of Telangana state map:
In the Deccan region, the Kakatiya kingdom (AD 1083-1323) encompassed what is now known as Telangana. After the Kakatiya kingdom was invaded by the Delhi Sultanate, the political autonomy of the region came to an end. In the course of the next two centuries, it became a province of the Bahmani Sultanate between 1347 and 1518. When the hegemony of the Bahmani Sultanate ended, the Telangana region became part of the Golconda Sultanate (1518-1687).
With the collapse of Golconda in the face of the invasion of Aurangzeb, the region became a Mughal province. With the dissolution of the Mughal empire formed the Nizamate of Hyderabad. This continued from 1720 till 1950 and during this period the region saw various shifts in status – first as a formal subsidiary to the Mughal emperor but actually to the Maratha empire (the first Nizam paid the Chauth tax to the Maratha court at Poona), later allied with the French and then with the English East India Company. Eventually, the Nizam acknowledged the British sovereign as Empress of India and, thereby, his overlord.
With the India Independence Act of 1947, all the Indian princely states resumed their independence. Accordingly, from August 15, 1947, till September 17, 1948, Hyderabad was an independent state. The independence ended with Indian invasion and annexation. Later, the Nizam had been the Rajpramukh (an administrative title) of the Hyderabad state.
The Nizam officiated as Rajpramukh through the first general election of 1952 and finally gave up his nominal role in 1956 when Hyderabad state was dismembered and the Telangana region annexed to the Andhra state. Thereafter, Telangana witnessed two major movements for a separate statehood. Finally, on October 3, 2013, the Union Cabinet approved the formation of a Telangana state.
Source: A recently published book, The Fall and Rise of Telangana by Gautam Pingle, formerly Dean of Research and Consultancy, Administrative Staff College of India.
Telangana Movement History 1956 to 2014
- 1956 Telangana, comprising predominantly Telugu-speaking areas of erstwhile Hyderabad state, merged with the state of Andhra to form Andhra Pradesh (AP)
- 1969 ‘Jai Telangana’ agitation launched for a separate Telangana state
- 1972 ‘Jai Andhra’ movement launched for separate Andhra state
- 1997 Telangana issue resurfaces with BJP passing a resolution. A year later, the party’s Lok Sabha poll slogan is ‘One Vote, Two States’
- 2001 K Chandrasekhar Rao launches Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) for separate Telangana
- Dec 9, 2009, Then Union Home Minister, P Chidambaram, announces the Centre’s decision to initiate the process of a Telangana state
- Dec 23, 2009, Following en masse resignation of Seemandhra MPs and MLAs, Centre puts the process on hold
- Feb 3, 2010, Centre sets up five-member Srikrishna committee to look into the issue. Panel submits report in December, suggesting options
- July 30, 2013, Congress Working Committee passes resolution recommending formation of Telangana state
- Oct 3, 2013, Union Cabinet approves proposal to bifurcate AP
- Dec 5, 2013, Union Cabinet approves draft AP Reorganisation Bill, 2013. Bill referred to AP legislature for its views
- Jan 30, 2014, AP legislature, by voice vote, rejects the Bill
- Feb 7, 2014, Union Cabinet clears Bill; Lok Sabha passes Bill on Feb 18
- March 1, 2014, Bill receives assent of President
- June 2, 2014, The 29th state of India is born
About Telangana State
- Telangana is a newly formed 29th state of India on June 2nd, 2014.
- It has an area of 114,840 Square Km (44,340 sq. mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (according to 2011 census), it ranked as 12th largest state in the southern region.
- Mostly the area is a part of the Hyderabad Medak and Warangal which was ruled by the nizams during British raj before the year 1947.
- In 1956 Andhra state was merged with Telangana region when Hyderabad as the state to form Andhra Pradesh.
- After the success of Telangana movement, the central government stated, the 29th state of south India as Telangana.
- And India consisting of the ten north-western districts of Andhra Pradesh with Hyderabad as its Joint capital for 10 years.
- It means Hyderabad will be served as a joint capital for both the Telugu state’s for 10 years until 2024.
- Telangana State is boarded by the Andhra Pradesh to the south and east, state of Maharashtra to the north and north-west, the state of Karnataka to the west and state of Chhattisgarh to the north-east.
- Hyderabad, Warangal, Nizamabad, Karimnagar and Ramagundam are the major cities in Telangana.
- The First Chief Minster of Telangana State is Kalvakuntla. Chandra Shekhar Rao.
Telangana History English Book
- This book describing the Telangana culture, Art and craft; Telangana History, Telangana Geography; Telangana Poets…etc.
- This book is useful to the aspirants of all competitive exams. The book deals with the following:
1. History of Telangana
(a) Ancient Period
(b) Medieval Period
(c) Modern Period
2. History of Pre-independence Period
3. Formation of Andhra Pradesh (1956 Nov.1)
4. Telangana Movement (1969-2013 )
5. Availability of infrastructure in Hyderabad State before 1956
6. Culture, Festivals of Telangana, Arts and Crafts
7. Profile of Telangana Districts
8. Historical Places of Telangana
9. Temples of Telangana
10. Telangana Poets
11. Telangana Freedom Fighters
12. Telangana Martyrs
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Books of Telangana History
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